• 中国中文核心期刊
  • 中国科学引文数据库(CSCD)核心库来源期刊
  • 中国科技论文统计源期刊(CJCR)
  • 第二届国家期刊奖提名奖

Citation:

The Effects of Nitrogen Deposition on Leaf Physiological and Photosynthetic Characters of Schima superba Seedlings from Three Provenances

  • Received Date: 2012-10-22
  • To evaluate the responses of physiological and photosynthetic character of Schima superba leaf to elevated nitrogen (N) deposition, dissolved NH4NO3 with different treatments (0, 50, 100 and 200 kg·hm-2·a-1 N) was sprayed on one-year-old seedlings of three S. superba provenances. The photosynthetic light response curve, leaf N/P/pigments and soluble protein contents were determined. The results indicated that the treatment of 100 kg·hm-2·a-1 N deposition increased the apparent quantum efficiency (AQE), light saturation point (LSP), and maximum net photosynthetic rate (Pmax), but reduced the dark respiration rate (Rd). Meanwhile, the leaf N and pigment content were higher, but leaf P and soluble protein content were lower than that of the control. However, the treatments of 200 kg·hm-2·a-1 N deposition had a negative effect on the seedlings. There was large difference among the three provenances. The Hangzhou provenance from Zhejiang Province(HZ) had higher Pmax and could use low light easily. However, it was hard to accumulate the assimilation product. The Jian’ou provenance (JO) from Fujian Province showed stronger ability in using high light and the Rd was lower too, so this provenance was easier to accumulated assimilation product than other provenances. The leaf net photosynthetic rate, pigment and soluble protein content of HZ increased under the treatment of 50 kg·hm-2·a-1 N deposition, however, the Rd was reduced. The leaf pigment and soluble protein content of JO provenance was lower, but the production was largest under 100 kg·hm-2·a-1 N. The N deposition of 50 kg·hm-2·a-1 N promoted the photosynthetic rate of the Xinfeng provenance (XF) from Jiangxi Province increased the soluble protein content and improved the ability in using low light and the Rd was not increased either.
  • 加载中
  • [1] 李德军,莫江明,方运霆,等. 氮沉降对森林植物的影响[J]. 生态学报,2003,23(9):1891-1900

    [2] 郑利霞,刘学军,张福锁. 大气有机氮沉降研究进展[J]. 生态学报,2007,27(9):3828-3834

    [3] 遆超普, 颜晓元. 基于氮排放数据的中国大陆大气氮素湿沉降量估算[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2010, 29(8):1606-1611

    [4] 胡正华,李涵茂,杨燕萍,等. 模拟氮沉降对北亚热带落叶阔叶林土壤呼吸的影响[J]. 环境科学,2010,31(8):1726-1732

    [5]

    Nakaji T, Fukami M, Dokiya Y, et al. Effects of high nitrogen load on growth, photosynthesis and nutritrient status of Cryptomeria japonica and Pinus densiflra seedlings[J]. Trees, 2001, 15(8):453-461
    [6]

    Nakaji T, Takenaga S, Kuroha M, et al. Photosynthetic response of Pinus densiflora seedling to high nitrogen load[J]. Environmental Sciences, 2002, 9(4):269-282
    [7] 李德军, 莫江明, 方运霆, 等. 模拟氮沉降对南亚热带两种乔木幼苗生物量及其分配的影响[J]. 植物生态学报,2005,29(4):543-549

    [8]

    Mo J M, Li D J, Gundersen P. Seedling growth response of two tropical tree species to nitrogen deposition in southern China[J]. European Journal of Forest Research, 2008, 127(4):275-283
    [9] 吴 茜,丁 佳,闫 慧,等. 模拟降水变化和土壤施氮对浙江古田山5个树种幼苗生长和生物量的影响[J].植物生态学报, 2011, 35(3):256-267

    [10] 方运霆,莫江明,江远清,等. 鼎湖山森林土壤渗透水酸度和无机氮含量对模拟氮沉降增加的早期响应[J]. 热带亚热带植物学报,2005,13(2):123-129

    [11]

    Emmett B A. Nitrogen saturation of terrestrial ecosystems: some recent findings and their implications for our conceptual framework[J]. Water Air Soil Pollut: Focus, 2007, 7(1-3):99-109
    [12] 王 琪, 徐程扬. 氮磷对植物光合作用及碳分配的影响[J]. 山东林业科技, 2005, 160(5): 59-62

    [13]

    Han W X, Fang J Y, Guo D L, et al. Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry across 753 terrestrial plant species in China[J]. New Phytologist, 2005, 168(2): 377-385
    [14] 全国土壤普查办公室. 中国土壤[M]. 北京:中国农业出版社, 1998: 483-486

    [15] 张福锁,崔振岭,王激清. 中国土壤和植物养分管理现状与改进策略[J]. 植物学通报,2007,24(6): 687-694

    [16] 郭程瑾,李宾兴,王 斌, 等. 不同磷效率小麦品种的光合特性及其生理机制[J]. 作物学报, 2006, 32(8): 1209-1217

    [17] 段巍巍,赵红梅,郭程瑾,等. 夏玉米光合特性对氮素用量的反应[J]. 作物学报, 2007, 33(6): 949-954

    [18] 马雪红,周志春,金国庆,等. 竞争对马尾松和木荷觅取异质分布养分行为的影响[J]. 植物生态学报,2009,33(1): 81-88

    [19] 殷秀敏,伊力塔,余树全,等. 酸雨胁迫对木荷叶片气体交换和叶绿素荧光参数的影响[J].生态环境学报, 2010,19(7):1556-1562

    [20] 李德军,莫江明,方运霆,等. 模拟氮沉降对三种南亚热带树苗生长和光合作用的影响[J]. 生态学报,2004,24(5): 876-882

    [21] 张 萍,金国庆,周志春,等. 木荷苗木性状的种源变异和地理模式[J].林业科学研究, 2004,17(2):192-198

    [22] 余 琳,张 萍,周志春,等. 木荷种源苗期干物质积累和分配差异[J]. 林业科学研究, 2005, 18(1):91-94

    [23] 张 萍,周志春,金国庆,等. 木荷种源遗传多样性和种源区初步划分[J]. 林业科学, 2006, 42(2): 38-42

    [24] 周志春,范辉华,金国庆,等. 木荷地理遗传变异和优良种源初选[J]. 林业科学研究, 2006, 19(6): 718-724

    [25] 朱兆良,文启孝. 中国土壤氮素[M]. 南京: 江苏科学技术出版社, 1992

    [26] 何园球. 我国热带亚热带森林土壤肥力状况与利用途径[M]//中国科学院红壤生态实验站. 红壤生态系统研究(第二集). 南昌: 江西科学技术出版社, 1993: 16-22

    [27]

    Sickman J O, Leydecker A, Melack J M. Nitrogen mass balances and abi otic contr ols on N retention and yield in high elevati on catchments of the Sierra Nevada, California, United States[J]. Water Resources Research, 2001,37(5): 1452-1461
    [28]

    Keene W C, Montag J A, Maben J R, et al. Organic nitrogen in precipitation over Eastern North America[J]. Atmos-pheric Environment, 2002,36(28): 4529-4540
    [29]

    Prioul I L, Chartier P. Partitioning of transfer and carboxylation components of intracellular resistance to photosynthetic CO2 fixation: a critical analysis of the methods used[J]. Annals of botany, 1977, 41(4):789-800
    [30]

    Lichtenthaler H K. Chlorophylls and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes[J]. Methods in Enzymology, 1987, 148(14):350-382
    [31] 张志良. 植物生理学实验指导[M]. 北京:高等教育出版社, 1990

    [32]

    Anderson J M, Ingram J S I. Tropical soil biology and fertility: a handbook of methods[M]. 2th edn. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: CAB International, 1993
    [33]

    Bremner J M, Mulvaney C S. Nitrogen-total[M]// Page A L, Miller R H, Keeney D R. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2: chemical and microbial properties, agronomy monograph 9. Madison, Wisconsin: American Society of Agronomy, 1982:595-624
    [34]

    Hall D O, Rao K K. Photosynthesis[M]. 4th edn. London: Edward Arnold Press Ltd,1988:98-123
    [35]

    Reich P B, Walters M B, Ellsworth D S, et al. Photosynthesis-nitrogen relations in Amazonian tree speciesⅠ. Patterns among species and communities[J]. Oecologia, 1994, 97(1):73-81
    [36]

    Evans J R. Developmental constraints on photosynthesis: effects of light and nutrition[M]//Baker N R. Photosynthesis and the environment. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publisher, 1996:281-304
    [37] 赵俊晔,于振文. 施氮量对小麦旗叶光合速率和光化学效率、籽粒产量与蛋白质含量的影响[J].麦类作物学报, 2006, 26(5):92-96

    [38]

    Wu C, Wang Z Q, Fan Z Q, et al. Effects of different concentrations and form ratios of nitrogen on chlorophyll biosynthesis, photosynthesis, and biomass partitioning in Fraxinus mandshurica seedlings[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2003, 27(6):771-779
    [39]

    Li L H, Qiu X H, Li X H, et al. The expression profiles of genes in rice roots under low phosphorus stress[J]. Science in China Series C: Life Sciences, 2009, 52(11):1055-1064
    [40]

    Galloway J N, Cowling E B. Reactive nitrogen and the world: 200 years of change[J]. Ambio, 2002, 31(2):64-71
    [41]

    Persson J, Högberg P, Ekblad A, et al. Nitrogen acquisition from inorganic and organic sources by boreal forest plants in the field[J]. Oecologia, 2003, 137(2):252-257
    [42]

    Lindahl B D, Ihrmark K, Boberg J, et al. Spatial separation of litter decomposition and mycorrhizal nitrogen uptake in a boreal forest[J]. New Phytologist, 2007, 173(3):611-620
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Article views(3341) PDF downloads(1580) Cited by()

Proportional views

The Effects of Nitrogen Deposition on Leaf Physiological and Photosynthetic Characters of Schima superba Seedlings from Three Provenances

  • 1. Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Fuyang 311400, Zhejiang, China
  • 2. Laoshan Forest Farm of Chun'an County, Zhejiang Province, Chun’an 311700, Zhejiang, China

Abstract: To evaluate the responses of physiological and photosynthetic character of Schima superba leaf to elevated nitrogen (N) deposition, dissolved NH4NO3 with different treatments (0, 50, 100 and 200 kg·hm-2·a-1 N) was sprayed on one-year-old seedlings of three S. superba provenances. The photosynthetic light response curve, leaf N/P/pigments and soluble protein contents were determined. The results indicated that the treatment of 100 kg·hm-2·a-1 N deposition increased the apparent quantum efficiency (AQE), light saturation point (LSP), and maximum net photosynthetic rate (Pmax), but reduced the dark respiration rate (Rd). Meanwhile, the leaf N and pigment content were higher, but leaf P and soluble protein content were lower than that of the control. However, the treatments of 200 kg·hm-2·a-1 N deposition had a negative effect on the seedlings. There was large difference among the three provenances. The Hangzhou provenance from Zhejiang Province(HZ) had higher Pmax and could use low light easily. However, it was hard to accumulate the assimilation product. The Jian’ou provenance (JO) from Fujian Province showed stronger ability in using high light and the Rd was lower too, so this provenance was easier to accumulated assimilation product than other provenances. The leaf net photosynthetic rate, pigment and soluble protein content of HZ increased under the treatment of 50 kg·hm-2·a-1 N deposition, however, the Rd was reduced. The leaf pigment and soluble protein content of JO provenance was lower, but the production was largest under 100 kg·hm-2·a-1 N. The N deposition of 50 kg·hm-2·a-1 N promoted the photosynthetic rate of the Xinfeng provenance (XF) from Jiangxi Province increased the soluble protein content and improved the ability in using low light and the Rd was not increased either.

Reference (42)

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return