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Citation:

Diets Selection and Feeding Memory of Odontotermes formosanus in Nanjing

  • Received Date: 2014-06-22
  • Based on the diets selection of Odontotermes formosanus (Shiraki) foragers collected from different plantations, the influence of feeding experience to food choice was analyzed. The results showed that Liriodendron chinense bark powder was screened for the preference tree species of O. formosanus from different plantations, the amount of foraging workers, the mud sheet covering rate, and the consumption rate of diet were high, the appearing time of mud sheet was also relatively early in all diets. 15% of millet powder and 5% of cane sugar were screened for the best proportion of auxiliary material, high sugar content had ephemerally phagostimulating effect on O. formosanus, and then, the phagostimulating effect disappeared. There existed feeding memory in O. formosanus foragers, the duration of feeding memory was related to the preference order degree of which the original feeding material ranked among the testing food materials. If original feeding material was the same as the most preferable material in food choice tests, the feeding memory could be retained; otherwise, it would changed after some times. The diet made up of 80% L. chinense bark power, 15% of millet powder and 5% of cane sugar was the best one, the difference preference among bark powder of different tree species might be related to their chemical components.
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Diets Selection and Feeding Memory of Odontotermes formosanus in Nanjing

  • 1. Nanjing Forestry University Southern Modern Forestry Collaborative Innovation Center, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, Jiangsu, China
  • 2. The Administration Bureau of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum, Nanjing 210014, Jiangsu, China

Abstract: Based on the diets selection of Odontotermes formosanus (Shiraki) foragers collected from different plantations, the influence of feeding experience to food choice was analyzed. The results showed that Liriodendron chinense bark powder was screened for the preference tree species of O. formosanus from different plantations, the amount of foraging workers, the mud sheet covering rate, and the consumption rate of diet were high, the appearing time of mud sheet was also relatively early in all diets. 15% of millet powder and 5% of cane sugar were screened for the best proportion of auxiliary material, high sugar content had ephemerally phagostimulating effect on O. formosanus, and then, the phagostimulating effect disappeared. There existed feeding memory in O. formosanus foragers, the duration of feeding memory was related to the preference order degree of which the original feeding material ranked among the testing food materials. If original feeding material was the same as the most preferable material in food choice tests, the feeding memory could be retained; otherwise, it would changed after some times. The diet made up of 80% L. chinense bark power, 15% of millet powder and 5% of cane sugar was the best one, the difference preference among bark powder of different tree species might be related to their chemical components.

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